Breeding for Type, Health and Temperament
That of a symmetrical animal, showing great strength, endurance, and alertness; powerfully built but active. The breed was developed in England by gamekeepers for protection against poachers.
Powerful, enduring, active and reliable
High spirited, alert and faithful.
HEAD AND SKULL:
Skull large and square, viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested, but not when in repose. Circumference of skull may equal height of dog measured et top of shoulder; broad and deep with well filled cheeks. Pronounced stop. Muzzle short; length from tip of nose to stop approximately on third of length from tip of nose to centre of occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width to the end of nose; blunt and cut off square, forming right angle with upper line of face, and at same time proportionate with skull. Under jaw broad to the end. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat neither pointed nor turned up in profile. Flews not pendulous, never hanging below level of lower jaw.
Dark or hazel, of medium size, set apart the with of muzzle with furrow between. Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.
V-shaped, folded back, set wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance to skull which is most important. Small and deeper in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.
Level desired but slightly undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even and well placed.
Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.
Chest wide and deep, well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket. Shoulder muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded. Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned, set wide apart, presenting a straight front. Pasterns straight and strong.
Back short and straight, giving compact carriage, but mot so short as to interfere with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.
Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank. Hind legs strong and muscular, with well developed second thighs, denoting power and activity, not cumbersome. Hooks moderately bent. Cow hooks highly undesirable.
Well arched, cat like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.
Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hooks, carried straight or curved, but not hound fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.
Movement indicates power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither front nor hind leg should cross or plait, right front and left rear leg rising and falling at the same time. A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from hind legs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.
Short and hard, weather resistant, lying flat to the body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly undesirable.
Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white marking on chest permissible. Other white markings undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing to expression.
Height at shoulder : dogs 63,4-68,5 cm (25-27 ins) ; bitches 61-66 cm (24-26 ins). Weight : dogs 49,9-59 kg (110-130 lbs) ; bitches 41-49,9 kg (90-110 lbs).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to it's degree. N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.